Analysts at JPMorgan recommended selling or "underweight" emerging market local currency sovereign debt because of the global impact of the Ukraine-Russia crisis.
JPMorgan estimated that fixed-income assets in emerging markets have lost 6-9 percent of their value since Russia invaded Ukraine a month ago, with nervousness about the war and its impact on global energy and food prices adding to existing pressures.
Some leading emerging market central banks are signaling that interest rates now need to rise faster than previously expected, which fuels fears of "stagflation". Stagflation means when high inflation and higher interest rates undermine economic growth.
With both the U.S. Federal Reserve and emerging market central banks raising interest rates, JPMorgan also said it made sense to "underweight" emerging market assets by taking advantage of the recent pullback in local currency bond yields relative to TREASURIES.
JPMorgan said major metals exporters such as South Africa, Chile, and Peru could still do well, but warned that emerging market fixed income assets now faced a more "stagflationary" trajectory.
The markets and prices of many commodities, metals, chemicals like the Titanium Carbide still face uncertainty.
Overview of titanium carbide TiC powder
Titanium carbide TiC powder is a crystalline solid with gray metallic luster, hard quality, second only to diamond in hardness, and weaker in magnetic properties. The molecular weight is 59.89, the melting point is 3140 °C, the boiling point is 4820 °C, and the relative density is 4.93. Hardness 9-10. Insoluble in water, soluble in nitric acid and aqua regia. It is stable to air below 800°C, corroded by air above 2000°C, and can react with pure oxygen at 1150°C. For the manufacture of cemented carbide, also used as electrodes and abrasives for arc lamps.
Preparation of Titanium Carbide-Based Cermet
1. Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
The method is a technology for depositing a solid thin film coating on the surface of a substrate by utilizing a space gas-phase chemical reaction. Since the entire reaction of this method is based on thermodynamics, the CVD film has the advantages of good adhesion and coating properties, dense film layer, and high bonding strength of the film base, which can meet the requirements of monolayers such as TiC, TiCN, TiBN, etc., which are not limited to TiN. and multi-layer composite coatings.
The disadvantage of this method is that the processing temperature is relatively high (generally 900~1200℃). High temperatures cause the steel matrix to soften. After machining, vacuum quenching is required again. The process is more complicated, and the workpiece is easily deformed, resulting in high bending strength of the base material. In addition, harmful waste gas and waste liquid will be produced during the preparation process, which is easy to cause industrial pollution, which contradicts the green industry advocated by the country today, and also limits the comprehensive promotion and use of this law.
2. Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD)
The method uses physical processes such as thermal evaporation, sputtering, glow discharge and arc discharge to deposit the desired coating on the surface of the substrate. Including evaporation coating, sputtering coating and ion coating technology. The latter two are the more commonly used PVD technologies for preparing ceramic coatings.
PVD films usually have residual compressive stress and are prone to cracking and peeling due to brittleness. In addition, it is a linear process with poor adhesion and coating properties. The workpiece needs to be rotated or oscillated during processing, which increases the difficulty and difficulty of designing the vacuum chamber. Problems such as poor coating effect.
3. Liquid deposition
This method is a wet chemical film formation method. The basic principle is that through the ligand replacement between ions in the solution, the hydrolysis equilibrium movement of the metal compound is driven, and the metal oxide or hydroxide is deposited on the substrate to form a thin film coating. Since the method can be used for thin film deposition at low temperature/room temperature, there is no need for heat treatment or expensive processing equipment during the preparation process, and the operation is simple.
The disadvantage of this method is that because it is essentially a reaction in an aqueous solution, the concentration of the solution before and after the reaction is inconsistent during the deposition process, there are many factors affecting the liquid-phase reaction, and the industrial stability is not high.
4. Thermal spray
This method refers to heating a wire or powder material to a molten or semi-molten state by a heat source such as flame, arc or plasma, accelerating the formation of high-speed droplets, and then spraying it onto the substrate to form a coating on it. Enhances or regenerates the surface properties of materials for protection and recovery of part size reductions caused by wear, corrosion or machining tolerances. The methods include plasma spray, arc spray and flame spray techniques.
5. In situ synthesis
In situ synthesis is the creation of a second phase in a material or a reinforcing phase in a composite during material formation, i.e. it does not exist prior to material preparation, but is generated in situ during material preparation. Material preparation process; in-situ synthesis of dual-phase reinforced particles, no pollution at the interface, and uniform distribution of the second phase, which can avoid the problems encountered in traditional powder metallurgy and smelting processes. With the development of in situ composite technology, its application has been extended to metal-based and ceramic-based materials.
6. Other synthesis methods
In addition to the above preparation processes, there are in-situ synthesis, melting and casting, powder metallurgy, mechanical alloying, thermal spraying, self-propagating high temperature synthesis, high-density energy beam coating, sol-gel method, liquid Synthesis of dielectric discharges such as EDM surface strengthening. In actual industrial production and application, the choice of the preparation method of the carbide-based metal-ceramic composite material can be determined according to its own conditions and needs.
Application of titanium carbide TiC powder
1. Titanium carbide powder is used for high temperature thermal spraying materials, welding materials, hard coating materials, military aviation materials, carbides and cermets.
2. Titanium carbide powder is used as an additive in the production of thermistors to improve wear resistance.
3. Titanium carbide powder has a NaCl-type cubic crystal structure. Adding 6% to 30% of TiC to WC-Co cemented carbide forms a TiC-WC solid solution with WC, which can significantly improve red heat, wear resistance, oxidation resistance, Corrosion resistance and other properties, more suitable for processing steel than WC-Co cemented carbide. Alloys such as Ni-Mo can also be used as binders to form tungsten-free cemented carbides, which can improve the turning speed and the precision and finish of the workpiece.
4. Used as tool material and additive for metal bismuth, zinc, cadmium smelting crucible, preparation of semiconductor wear-resistant film, HDD large-capacity storage equipment, is an important part of cemented carbide, used as deoxidizer in steelmaking industry, also Used as cermet, it has the characteristics of high hardness, corrosion resistance and good thermal stability.
Titanium carbide TiC powder price
The price of titanium carbide TiC powder will change randomly with the production cost, transportation cost, international situation and market supply and demand of titanium carbide TiC powder. Tanki New Materials Co.,Ltd aims to help various industries and chemical wholesalers find high-quality, low-cost nanomaterials and chemicals by providing a full range of customized services. If you are looking for titanium carbide TiC powder, please feel free to send an inquiry to get the latest price of titanium carbide TiC powder.
Titanium carbide TiC powder suppliers
As a global supplier of titanium carbide TiC powders, Tanki New Materials Ltd. has extensive experience in advanced, engineered material properties, applications and cost-effective manufacturing. The company has successfully developed a series of powder materials (including boron carbide, aluminum carbide, boron carbide, etc.), high-purity target materials, functional ceramics and structural devices, and provides OEM services.
|Technical Parameter of Titanium Carbide TiC Powder :|
|Titanium Carbide Properties|
|Other Names||titanium(IV) carbide, TiC powder|
|Melting Point||3160 °C|
|Boiling Point||4820 °C|
|Solubility in H2O||N/A|
|Titanium Carbide Health & Safety Information|
The current international situation is highly uncertain, and its economic impact has not been able to be assessed properly. In addition, rising energy and commodity prices and supply chain disruptions are expected to push the price of the Titanium Carbide higher.
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